The Virginia Monument

The Civil War saw our country split in two—North and South, Union and Confederate—but regardless of who was right, both sides were fighting for their beliefs, their families, and their way of life. It’s impossible to look at it as good guys vs. bad guys because it isn’t that simple. Good men fought and died on both sides of the battlefield, and it is only right to honor them. That is why Gettysburg features statues of both Union heroes, like the Pennsylvania State Memorial, and statues of Confederate heroes, like The Virginia Monument.

The Virginia Monument was the first of the Confederate monuments to be built at Gettysburg, and it remains the largest. It was commissioned on March 9, 1908 and cost $50,000, which, in today’s money, is the equivalent of $885,000. That’s pretty expensive! It towers forty-two feet above Seminary Ridge, just East of Spangler Woods and accessible by West Confederate Ave.

VA Monument

The primary sculpture is a 14-foot bronze portrait of General Robert E. Lee, mounted upon his horse Traveller. Lee rides high on a 28-foot granite pedestal with seven Confederate soldiers beneath him. Their bronze eyes survey the field before them: site of the famous infantry assault of Pickett’s Charge. On the other side of the field is Cemetery Ridge, where the Union lines made their stand. There, a statue of General George Meade meets Lee’s gaze.

The seven Confederate soldiers, according to sculptor Frederick William Sievers, are representative of the men of all walks of life who left home and trade behind to serve in the military. First, there are two riflemen, one symbolic of a professional man, the other a mechanic. Beside them, a man who was an artist now aims a pistol. In the center, a boy on horseback raises the Confederate flag. To his right, a businessman swings a bayonet, a farmer raises a rifle, and a youth sounds a bugle call. These smaller portraits remind us that they were more than just soldiers.

The monument, minus the sculptures, was installed in 1913 and dedicated at the Gettysburg reunion—the 50th anniversary of the battle, which saw over 50,000 veterans gathered together from both sides of the war. The completed statue was unveiled in 1917 by Miss Virginia Carter, General Lee’s own niece, and presented by Henry C. Stuart, the governor of Virginia.

To visit this remarkable piece of history, plan your trip to Gettysburg Battlefield Tours today!

This entry was posted in Feature Stories, Interesting History, The Civil War, Things To Do and See and tagged , , , , , , .
  1. Richard says:

    I was at Gettysburg two weeks ago. I’ve been there dozens of times but my companion had never been! She was SO taken aback by the whole battlefield and how tranquil it is now, compared to how it was 148 years ago. She was amazed at all the monuments and markers that cover the field,but she told me that the Virginia Monument was her favorite. I think we both felt the vibes of July 3, 1863 as we stood there and looked across the field towards Cemetery Ridge, just as General Lee did all those years ago.

    • Gettysburg Battlefield Tours says:

      There are definitely some places that are very moving on the battlefield. If you get a chance to visit in November during Remembrance weekend they place Luminaries
      at the grave sites of soldiers who were killed during the battle. The only time you are allowed in the National Cemetery after dark. Simply amazing.

    • Karen Herring says:

      I would like to surprise my husband with this trip, but I am not sure where to stay! He would love it!!!

      • bonnie says:

        Information on Hotels, Motels, etc. can be found at Destination Gettysburg ( This site is very useful in helping to plan your visit. A couple of other websites that may be helpful: (Gettysburg National Military Park); (Gettysburg National Military Park Museum & Visitor Center). If I can be of further assistance, please direct to

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  3. larry walters says:

    did you know that one confederate soldier named claire ran backwards during the Picket’s charge retreat so he wouldn’t get shot in the back?

    • bonnie says:

      No I didn’t. Thanks for the information.

  4. Brian P Keane says:

    I was there July 1 2003. Do they still display the confederate flag over the confederate battlefield memorial.?

    • bonnie says:

      I don’t believe the National Military Park displays a flag there. You may want to check with the Gettysburg National Military Park to confirm. or Someone should be able to answer that question for you. Sorry I couldn’t be of more help as we do not maintain and operate the Gettysburg National Military Park. If I can be of further assistance, please let me know.

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  6. Laurie says:

    I recently took my 6th graders on a tour of Gettysburg and every year we stop at the Virginia monument and talk about the monument and get a class picture. This year as we studied the monument a little closer we noticed something we never had before.

    Usually musicians were noncombatant during the Civil War. So why is it that the young man with the bugle has the handle and sheath of a sword but the blade is not there? Is there a story behind it?

    • bonnie says:

      Sorry for the delay in answering. I contacted the Gettysburg National Military Park to get the answer to your question.
      I hope this helps.

      Here is the answer I received:

      The sculpture of the young bugler on the Virginia Monument represents a cavalryman and wears the equipment typical of a mounted soldier. Though designated as musicians, buglers in cavalry service were often armed in a fashion similar to their comrades.

      Though sculptor F. William Sievers never made it clear exactly what this figure represents, an expert in 19th century sculpture believes that Sievers artistically included this dismounted figure as a representation of the will of Virginia’s native sons to fight to the last in the final year of the war. She also noted the broken saber in the bugler’s hands and interpreted it represents that this Virginia soldier fought well in the battle, but with weapon broken and nothing more to be done, the bugler ceremoniously sounds “recall”- the signal to retire from the battlefield.

  7. Dennis Floyd says:

    Is there a list of soldiers who where there when the war ended

    • bonnie says:

      I would suggest contacting the Park Historian at the Gettysburg National Military Park. They may be able to answer your question.
      Their phone number is (717) 334-1124. Hope this helps.

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